STYLE GUIDE: Williamsburg Revival 1930-1950

Colonial Williamsburg, VAThink you’re in Virginia, think again! This period revival house style can actually be found all across Washington State and is easy to identify with its row of distinct second story gable windows.

Often confused with the Cape Cod Revival style, the Williamsburg Revival style should actually be considered a sub-style within the Colonial Revival Period. The style is a liberal interpretation of British, New England, and Virginia originals from the Colonial period of the 1600′s and 1700′s. The style was fueled by the complete restoration of Colonial Williamsburg in the late 1920′s by the John Rockefeller Foundation. Home to 88 original Colonial-period structures, these buildings became the inspiration and prototype for hundreds of reproductions throughout the 1930′s, 1940′s and 1950′s, and quickly became popular with many early suburban developers and first time home buyers.

The Williamsburg Revival style is very similar to the Cape Cod style. The main difference is that dormers have been added to the roof.  The style shows up in many ready-cut and builder catalogues right after Colonial Williamsburg opened to the public in 1928.  While many of the homes were labeled “Cape Cod designs” to allow an association with the more popular name; with the added dormers, the Williamsburg Revival style clearly has its own unique profile.

American Builder Mag, August 1936Common characteristics include a one-and-a-half story plan, steeply pitched side gable roofs, and a large chimney either centered on the ridge or located at the exterior side.  Most have a formal symmetrical façade with multi-pane double-hung windows highlighted by decorative shutters and flower boxes.  Many boast no front porch or a small, simple covered stoop.  Exteriors can be clad in clapboard, brick and/or shingles.

For more information about architectural styles in Washington State or to see examples of the Williamsburg style in Washington State go to: http://www.dahp.wa.gov/learn-and-research/architectural-style-guide

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Washington Trust Announces a Call for Nominations to the 2015 Most Endangered Historic Properties List

Seattle, Washington:  The Washington Trust for Historic Preservation is seeking nominations to its 2015 Most Endangered Historic Properties List. Nomination forms may be obtained through the Trust’s website at www.preservewa.org.

Washingtonians enjoy a diverse collection of historic and cultural resources found throughout the state. Historic buildings and sites significantly contribute to the heritage and vitality of Washington while enhancing the quality of life in small towns, large cities, and across rural areas. Yet each day, these resources face a variety of challenges, including lack of funding, deferred maintenance, neglect, incompatible development, and demolition. Inclusion in the Most Endangered List is an important initial step in highlighting these threats and bringing attention to those historic resources most in need.

Historic properties selected for the Most Endangered list receive advocacy support and assistance from the Washington Trust. While the focus is to remove the immediate threat facing historic properties, raising awareness of preservation issues in general remains a programmatic goal. Through proactive partnering with local organizations and concerned citizens, the Washington Trust’s Most Endangered List program has resulted in many high profile success stories across Washington since its establishment in 1992.

Past case studies demonstrate the effectiveness of inclusion in our Most Endangered List. The Green Mountain Lookout is located near Darrington, in a section of the Mt. Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest designated as the Glacier Peak Wilderness. Originally constructed by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1933, the US Forest Service completed restoration of the Lookout in 2010. The agency promptly faced a lawsuit alleging they had violated the Wilderness Act during the restoration process. The courts agreed. Facing a court-ordered mandate to remove the Lookout, local advocates sought legislative relief. With support from the Washington Trust and other partners, the community’s tireless, multi-year efforts paid off, as President Obama signed into law the Green Mountain Lookout Heritage Protection Act in April 2014. The Lookout will remain atop Green Mountain, serving as a destination for outdoor enthusiasts and history buffs alike.

The Enchanted Valley Chalet located in Olympic National Park provides an example from our 2014 Most Endangered List. Over the course of several years, the meandering channel of the Quinault River worked to undercut the chalet’s foundation, leaving the structure precariously cantilevered over the riverbed. While Park officials debated dismantling the chalet, which sits within a designated Wilderness Area, a dedicated handful of organizations and local advocates with deep ties to the area urged for the structure to be relocated away from the river while remaining in the valley. After determining relocation would not pose a significant environmental risk, Park officials contracted for the chalet to be moved approximately 150 feet away from the river. Although long-term plans have yet to be finalized, the chalet presently remains at home in the Enchanted Valley.

Communities are encouraged to take action when the historic fabric of their neighborhoods, main streets, rural landscapes, and beloved parks are threatened. Through our Most Endangered List, the Washington Trust offers support with preservation efforts aimed at resolving these preservation challenges.

Nominations to the Trust’s 2015 Most Endangered Historic Properties List are due on Monday, January 12, 2015. The 2015 List will be announced at the annual RevitalizeWA Preservation and Main Street Conference held in May as part of the Washington Trust’s Preservation Month programming.

Those interested in nominating a resource are strongly encouraged to contact Cathy Wickwire, Operations Manager with the Washington Trust, prior to submitting a nomination. For more information on the Most Endangered Historic Properties List, including a nomination form, please visit the Washington Trust for Historic Preservation website at www.preservewa.org/Nomination-Process.aspx.

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Washington Preservation Hero Award to Jennifer Haegele

The Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (DAHP) is pleased to announce that Jennifer Haegele of Spokane is the State Historic Preservation Officer’s (SHPO) most recent Washington Preservation Hero.  On occasion, the SHPO confers a Preservation Hero recognition on individuals or organizations that dedicate their time and resources to help protect and preserve the state’s heritage.

Since 2012, Jennifer Haegele has played an extraordinary administrative support role for the City of Spokane’s Historic Preservation Department.  Jennifer greatly assisted with the organization and preparation for the National Trust’s 2012 conference in Spokane.  That feat alone deserves merit but Jennifer has continued to go above-and-beyond for the department.  She helped with the organizing of the Certified Local Government grant for the Multiple Property Documentation of the Spokane Park System, and continues to assist with the Landmarks Commission for the city.

Jennifer, who has been described as the department’s “backbone,” is a great support for the City of Spokane’s preservation efforts as she makes sure everything is in its place and on time.  This sort of behind-the-scenes work especially deserves recognition since, as is usually forgotten, all the little duties add up to form the larger picture of preservation in Spokane.

The SHPO, DAHP and the HP Department for the City of Spokane congratulate Jennifer on being a Preservation Hero and extend our sincere thanks for her contribution to historic preservation work in Washington.

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First Formally Trained Female Architect in Washington Discovered!

Meldora Stritesky from Spokane holds the distinction of being the first formally trained female architect to practice in the State of Washington.  In fact, she ranks among the earliest females in the United States to have received a bachelor’s degree in architecture.  Stritesky received her degree from the University of Illinois in 1897.

Meldora was born in Rantoul, Illinois on March 12, 1872.  Details of her early career are unknown, but she is credited with preparing plans for the Y.W.C.A in Gifford, IL.  She moved to Spokane around 1905 and became a  member of the Spokane Architect’s Club (an early alternative to the AIA).  She worked as a draftsman for Spokane architect John K. Dow.  Ms. Meldora “Ice” married fellow University of Illinois alum Lewis Stritesky on August 22, 1906 in Spokane.

Unfortunately, Meldora died in childbirth on May 2, 1908 and was buried in Spokane at the Greenwood Cemetery.  Her husband was laid to rest next to her in 1951.

Please contact us if you have information about Meldora and the Stritesky family.

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2015 Northwest Anthropological Conference Call for Papers

Microsoft Word - NWAC 1st call for papers

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RFP Sought for Seattle Olmsted Park System Project

The City of Seattle intends to select a qualified consultant or consultant team to prepare a National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) – Multiple Property Documentation (MPD) for Seattle’s Olmsted-designed Park and Boulevard System and associated NRHP registration forms for selected segments or components of Lake Washington Boulevard and adjacent public parks.

OlmsteadBrothersThis project is being undertaken in partial fulfillment of the requirements set forth in SR 520, I-5 to Medina: Bridge Replacement and HOV Project Section 106 Programmatic Agreement and the requirements set forth in Partial Urban Park and Recreation Recovery Act (UPARR) P.L. 95-625 Section 1010 Conversion at Seward Park, Seattle, WA with Recreation Mitigation at Lake Washington Boulevard Park, Seattle, WA.

In the SR 520 I-5 to Medina MOA, Washington Park and Arboretum was determined eligible for listing in the NRHP by the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) on 7/5/2011.  Some other segments or components of Seattle’s Olmsted-designed Park and Boulevard System have also been locally designated and/or determined eligible for listing in the NRHP.

For more info go to: http://consultants.seattle.gov/category/bids-proposals/duedate/

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Tickets Now Available for Maritime Heritage Swing Dec. 5

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The public is invited to Maritime Heritage Swing presented by The Landmarks Preservation Commission and the City of Tacoma’s Planning and Development Services Department’s Historic Preservation Office on Friday, Dec. 5, from 6 – 10 p.m. at the Foss Waterway Seaport (705 Dock St. in Tacoma).

The event will feature the sounds of Pierce County Community Big Band, a swing dance demonstration, refreshments and a no-host bar will also be available. This historic preservation fundraiser is commemorating the USS Lexington providing power for Tacoma during the Dec. 1929 power shortage, caused by a drought that affected the hydroelectric sources.

“This event is a fun way to celebrate Tacoma’s maritime heritage and the occurrences that happened on the waterfront.” said Historic Preservation Coordinator Lauren Hoogkamer from the City of Tacoma’s Planning and Development Services Department. “It also highlights the great work that the Foss Waterway Seaport is doing to bring awareness to the Waterway’s history and preserve the historic Balfour Dock Building, which is the oldest remaining maritime-industry-related building in Tacoma.”

Tickets are $25 per person and registration is required in advance by going to http://www.eventbrite.com/e/maritime-heritage-swing-tickets-14179720927. Free parking will be available at the adjacent Republic Parking lot.  Contact Lauren Hoogkamer at lhoogkamer@cityoftacoma.org or (253) 591-5254 for more information.

Proceeds will be used to support this event as well as future community education and programming in 2015. This is the capstone on this year’s new effort to provide increased preservation programming and events that engage the community.

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Lost Anchor of the HMS Chatham Lecture on Friday

The Pacific Northwest Archaeological Society (PNWAS) is hosting a lecture exploring the ongoing mystery of the whereabouts of the anchor of the HMS Chatham lost during Captain George Vancouver’s exploration of northwest waters in 1792. The recent recovery of an anchor off Whidbey Island has fueled debate and curiosity.

To learn more about the recent discovery join a talk this Friday, November 14th from 7pm to 9Pm at the Mountaineers Seattle Program Center at 7700 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle 98115 in the Cascade Room. Speakers will be historian Scott Grimm and WSDOT Archaeologist Scott Williams. Cost is free to PNWAS members, but $10 for non-members and $5 for students. Refreshments will be served. For more information, visit the PNWAS website at www.pnwas.org.

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Style Guide – WII Era Cottage: 1935 – 1950

The WWII Era Cottage resembles the Workingman’s Foursquare of the proceeding decade but utilized the latest advancements in spatial planning and building materials. The style serves as a transitional style bridging the gap between the Revival movement of the 1920s and the modern period leading up to and proceeding WWII.

Universal Small Homes Catalogue - 1941After WWII, with the peacetime economy just beginning to start up, materials were still in short supply.  However the demand for housing was great, exacerbated by returning GI’s and their new families.  As a response to the situation, new homes like the WWII Era Cottage were built in large quantities across the state.  Featuring little ornamentation, WWII Era Cottages are generally small (some less than 1,000 sq ft), and correspond to the small size of young families. Most were built by speculative builders and purchased by families who took advantage of a variety of government incentive programs which were offered through the Federal Housing Administration.  Because of their simplicity and low cost, WWII Era Cottages made the dream of home ownership possible for an unprecedented number of people.

Sometimes referred to as “Roosevelt Cottages”, WWII Era Cottages are one-story structures covered by a hipped roof with minimal eave overhangs.  The overall shape is typically square or rectangular in plan, although many boast more complex footprints that incorporate attached garages and shallow room projections.  These projections can have hip or gable roofs. Large porches are generally absent; although a small covering or hood may be found over the front door, and/or a shallow stoop can be inserted into a projecting wing.  The exteriors of these wood-framed buildings are sheathed with a wide range of materials from horizontal wood siding, wood shingles, stucco or brick, to asbestos ceramic shingles.  Some concrete block and clay tile examples can also be found. Higher end examples utilize a change in exterior material using the window sill as a breaking point.

WWII Era Cottages have a noticeable absence of stylistic ornamentation.  However, early examples often have Art Deco or Streamline Moderne elements such as glass block and rounded porch features.  Wide frieze boards and vertical siding in gable ends might add a playful detail.  Towards the late 1940s, brick and stone became common as decorative accents, particularly in the form of water tables and raised flower planters.  Many have a single octagonal window on the main façade near the front entry door.  Other windows are tall and wide, many retaining just horizontal muntin bars.  Often windows are placed at the corners of the house and wrap around a side elevation.

For more info on WWII Era Cottage visit:  http://www.dahp.wa.gov/styles/wwii-era-cottage

 

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Kim Gant is Not in Kansas Anymore!

Washington State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) Allyson Brooks and Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (DAHP) staff extend a warm welcome to Kim Gant as our newest staff member. Kim has assumed the position of the department’s Local Preservation Programs (CLG) coordinator as well as manager of the Historic Property Survey and Inventory program. She fills the positions formerly held by Megan Duvall who has moved to Spokane and serving as that city’s Historic Preservation Officer.

Kim comes to us from Kansas, where she worked in that state’s Historic Preservation Office that is housed at the state Historical Society. With that office, she was responsible for providing reviews on federal agency projects under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act. She also assisted with other federal historic preservation programs including Survey & Inventory, the National Register of Historic Places, rehabilitation tax incentives plus state-enacted incentive and environmental review programs. Kim received her Masters degree in Historic Preservation from the College of Charleston and her Bachelors degree in Interior Design from the University of Missouri.

Originally from metropolitan St. Louis, Kim and her husband will be leaving their historic Craftsman home in Topeka to settle in the Olympia area. Rick is a mathematics teacher and will be joining Kim here in Washington later in December.

Now that she has arrived at DAHP, Kim is busy transitioning to her new office and anxious to meet and work with DAHP’s stakeholders in local preservation programs and colleagues in Washington’s heritage community. She will also be our contact person for postings on our blog.

It is great having Kim join us at DAHP. We know you will enjoy working with her and we look forward to opportunities for you to get acquainted with her. In the meantime, Kim can be reached via email at Kim.Gant@dahp.wa.gov. Once her desk phone is working, her telephone number will be 360-586-3074; until then, she can be reached at DAHP main line at 360-586-3065.

 

 

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