Geodesic Dome

1960 - 1990

Buckminster Fuller, c.1958Originally invented in Germany in 1922, Geodesic Domes did not see widespread use until the mid 1970s when prefabricated kits enticed a generation of do-it-yourselfers. Companies such as Cathedralite Domes, Dome Works and Oregon Domes, provided many of the kits for structures here in the Pacific Northwest. Geodesic Domes are often identified with the counterculture of the 1960s and 1970s, and became popularized after inventor, architect, engineer, and mathematician R. Buckminster Fuller, lectured world-wide on the potential use and efficiency of the structure.  Fuller had received an American patent for the design in 1954 and came to Seattle several times to lecture on the subject. Widely published pattern books such as Domebook I (1969) and Domebook II (1971), as well as hands-on workshops, allowed amateur builders to construct Geodesic Domes at their own leisure.  Such activities led the dome to become identified with alternative lifestyles.

Here in the PNW Geodesic Domes arrived in the 1970s.  King County approved the first geodesic dome through their building department in 1973 (Bondelid House, Bothell), while the first commercial-office geodesic dome was built in Pierce County in 1978.  The Pierce County dome, located near the Tacoma Mall, is 45ft in diameter and originally housed an authorized dealership for Cathedralite Domes.

Tacoma Dome under construction, 1981The basic spherical shape of a Geodesic Dome is derived from a complex engineering system of triangular frames, often called “space frames”.  The frames are made by joining triangular-shaped panels in such a way as to form a dome-shaped building in which all planes or facets, are straight, flat surfaces.  The frames, usually made of wood or tubular metal, create a self-reinforcing roof and siding unit all in one structure.  This eliminates the need for any internal supports or “load-bearing” walls.  The Tacoma Dome, at 530’ in diameter, is the largest public Geodesic Dome in the world.

Geodesic Dome frames can be clad in a variety of materials from asphalt to cedar shingles on smaller buildings, to metal or plastic sheets on large exhibit or recreational facilities. Skylights were often installed, and can be found on any surface as long as they are within the basic triangular frame.  Dormers, copulas, and flat-roofed, or Gambrel-roofed wings can be also found.

Geodesic Domes have been used for just about every building type from playground equipment to military radar stations, to civic and recreation buildings, exhibition attractions, and single family homes.  While thousands have been built and are still being manufactured today, the use of Geodesic Domes achieved only limited popularity.  Most were built in isolation as single structures.

Washington State Examples

House
Clarkston, c. 1975
Deitrich Activity Center
Walla Walla, 1978
Cathedralite Office
Tacoma, 1978
   
Building
Milton, c. 1975
House
Thurtson County, c. 1980
Tacoma Dome
Tacoma, 1983
   
House
Port Townsend, c. 1975

House
Eatonville, c. 1978

House
Moses Lake, c. 1980


For More Information:

  • "First Commerical-Office Geodesic Dome in County Rising", The News Tribune, September 24, 1978.
  • Mid-Century Modern Architecture in Washington State: Geodesic Dome - Michael Houser - June 2014
  • "A Brown Golf Ball? A Wooden Egg? Dome Home Rouses Curiosity", Seattle Daily Times, September 30, 1973.
  • "Dome Sweet Dome" The Spokesman Review, March 5, 1980
  • "Dome Sweet Dome" The Seattle Times, April 19, 1980.
  • "Rural-skills Workshop to be Held in County" The Seattle Times, March 19, 1975.
  • "Buckminster Fuller to Speak at Environmental Conference", Seattle Times, April 5, 1970.
  • "Ford Takes Fair's Last Open Space for $500.000 Pavilion", Seattle Times, December 5, 1961.
  • "Fair Dome to Feature New Marina", Seattle Times, February 17, 1963.
  • "Fabric Specialist's Specialty: Versatility", Seattle Times,March 25, 1964.
  • "Architect to Speak at U.W.", Seattle Times, May 14, 1972.
  • Domebook 2 - 1971
  • "It's "Domesday" for Bellevue Boy", Seattle Times, October 20, 1976.
  • ""World-Man" is Predicted by Philosoper", Seattle Times, March 4, 1979.
  • "Dome is Payette's Pride and Joy", Seattle Times, June 21, 1981.
  • "Series Speakers Announced", Seattle Times, August 10, 1980.
  • "Pacifist Group Wins Right to Use Geodestic Dome", Seattle Times, April 10, 1982.
  • "Peace Dome Destroyed by Fire at Bangor", Seattle Times, May 28, 1982.
  • "Theater Set for Expo" Spokane Daily Chronicle, April 17, 1980
  • "Dream Dome Inches Toward Real Project" Spokane Daily Chronicle, October 16, 1980.
  • Sieden, Lloyd S., "The Birth of the Geodesic Dome; How Bucky Did It".  The Futurist, Nov-Dec 1989 V23.
  • Dome Incorporated  
  • Buckminster Fuller Virtual Institute   
  • Oregon Domes
  • "Geodesic Building Concept" Cathedralite Domes - 1975
  • Domerama
  • Pacific Domes International
Aug
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2014