Styles & Forms: 1860 - 1990
- Late Victorian: 1860–1900
- Late 19th & Early 20th Century American Movement: 1900–1940
- Late 19th & 20th Century Period Revivals: 1920–1960
- Modern Movement: 1930–1970
The Late Romanesque Revival style is based on architectural forms, materials and details from medieval and Roman architecture. The original style was widespread across western Europe during the 11th and 12th centuries. The revival of the style in the United States, some 800 + years later, however had only a limited and brief impact. The style was mainly used for ecclesiastical buildings, but can also be found on banks, apartment buildings, and some civic and educational structures. Its use began in the mid 1920s and lasted until about 1940.
Sometimes referred to as “Lombardy Romanesque”, the Late Romanesque Revival style is defined by a repetitive use of semi-circular arches for window and door openings. The style also often uses corbel tables or miniature arches below the eaves and at the end of gable roofs. Other distinguishing motifs include prominent belt courses that define the horizontal lines of the building and the use of different colored siding in layers on the first floor level.
Exteriors are usually of brick, stucco or stone and many of the shallow pitched roofs are covered with red clay tile. Column capitals and compound arches are often enriched with geometric medieval ornament, and groups of arched windows are commonly separated by small columns or colonettes. Prominent “cathedral-type” entries are typical with deeply recessed solid wood doors surrounded by multiple layers of richly carved stone. High style examples of Late Romanesque Revival buildings have twisted columns, mosaic tile floors and transoms, and wheel windows in the gable ends. Ecclesiastical examples often have shallow-pitched hip roofs with prominent bell towers. The towers range from highly ornamented to simple shafts.
Fort Lewis -
|First Baptist Church|
|Mt. Baker Presbyterian Church|
Seattle - c.1935
|Frances Hall Apartments|
Tacoma - c.1935
Seattle - 1925
Saint Edward Seminary
First Presbyterian Church
|Saint Paul's Methodist Church|
Spokane - c.1929